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Elements of Music

  • Jun 24, 2010
  • Dianna Babcock & Cheryl Henningsgaard

Music consists of unique elements that are utilized for learning, especially in the area of literacy development in young children. Elements of music provide opportunities for brain bilateralism and brain development. Elements provide opportunities for self-expression and avenues for building social/play skills. The patterns and structure of music provide for constancy, relaxation, and closure. Elements provide an atmosphere of self disclosure. Finally, elements of music are associated with memory building, academic and emotional skill development.

The musical elements of Rhythm, Singing/Toning/Song Lyrics, and Movement will be explained.

Rhythm provides kinesthetic feedback. Rhythm provides pattern, structure, and repetition. The heartbeat of music, rhythm provides continuity and sets the pulse for movement.

Singing can be a precursor to speech, communication/conversation, and language development (printed and spoken). Singing stimulates auditory and melodic perceptions. Singing is an ability most children are born with. We can encourage singing by using our "head voice" while speaking and also producing pitch.

Song lyrics build opportunities for word recognition. Song lyrics help children identify their feelings and can teach concepts while reinforcing memory. Song lyrics provide phonological awareness.

Movement provides opportunities for spatial/body awareness. Music paired with movement facilitates quality of movement -- duration, fluency, and postural control.

Next blog posting--tune in for information about developmentally appropriate music and literacy experiences…


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